you are sexually active and have had multiple partners, there is a high chance that you will contract a sexually transmitted infection sometime in your lifetime. In fact, there are more than 25 different STDs that you could contract if you indulge in risky sexual behaviour. The common STDs that you could be exposed to include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, genital herpes, HIV, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, pubic lice/crabs, and trichomoniasis. Being aware of some key facts about STDs will help you stay clear of some nasty infections down there.
Condoms aren’t fail-safe
Yes, you heard right. Condoms don’t fully protect you against genital herpes that is one of the most commonly occurring STDS. That is because the condom does not cover areas like the thighs and buttocks that may have herpes sores on them. And if you come in contact with herpes sores anywhere on the body, you too will contract genital herpes.
STDs can be spread through oral sex
So you thought oral was kosher? Well, oral sex is a far-from-safe sexual activity and puts you at risk of a number of STDs. For example, receiving oral sex from someone who has a cold sore will give you a genital herpes infection. Unprotected oral sex also helps transmit gonorrhoea, syphilis, and hepatitis B. You could also get an STD through anal sex and if you have cuts or tiny lacerations in your mouth, genitals or anus.
STDs can make you infertile
Sometimes, a neglected STD can blow up into pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection that can affect your fallopian tubes and prevent your eggs from getting fertilised. PID may also prevent a fertilised egg from reaching the womb.
Some STDs cause cancer
The human papillomavirus (HPV) has been linked to cervical cancer in women. It has also been shown to cause anal, throat and penile cancer.
STDs don’t always have symptoms
The scary part of contracting an STD is that you may be unaware that you have it till it becomes a full-blown headache. Some people who get herpes often have none or mild signs. Chlamydia has few symptoms and it can take up to 10 years for women to show the symptoms of HIV. Often symtpms are similar to that caused by other infections like yeast or UTIS.
Not all STDs can be cured
If you thought that popping a few pills would rid you of your STD forever, you couldn’t be in for a ruder shock. STDs causes by viruses like herpes, hepatitis B, HIV, HPV, and genital warts are not curable although their symptoms can alleviated.
STDs can be serious if not treated
Besides pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervical cancer and infertility, some STDs cause liver disease. In pregnant women, STDs cause tubal pregnancies, miscarriages and premature delivery. Some sexually transmitted infections are also passed on from mother to child.